General Disclaimer

The materials published or referenced on this blog are for personal entertainment and academic purposes only. All cited materials are obtained through public source material. Benchwarmers is not endorsed by any other source, nor does it reflect the official views of the Supreme Court.


This blog’s published opinions are in no way endorsed by the Supreme Court and may not reflect the official views of the Court. In fact, given that the opinions herein may be published months in advance of the Court’s decision, this blog’s opinions may be starkly contrasting to the Court’s. This blog’s opinions are intended for personal entertainment and academic purposes only.

External Links

Hyperlinks are used for convenience in reference purposes only. Such links do not constitute endorsements of any kind from or for the external site.

Citations and Public Use

This blog is owned by WordPress. It is operated and edited by Graham L. Vogtman. The editor will give due citations to external information he uses and posts on this site. The materials published by the editor may be referenced by the public. Any references to the editor’s own publishings must be accompanied by citations (i.e., including, but not limited to: MLA, ABA, Chicago, Bluebook, etc.).

Comment Policy

This blog welcomes constructive feedback and civil discourse. However, not all feedback is constructive, nor all discourse civil. Therefore, the editor will exercise his discretion when reviewing comments and will remove any comment that he deems vulgar, offensive, racist, threatening, etc. This blog is intended for expanding the public’s knowledge of the law, so comments must stay on-topic. Moreover, commenters are themselves responsible for all content contained in their comments or discussion. Do not spam or promote other services or products. Do not give out personal information. Do not post any content that you do not have the right to post (i.e., plagiarism). Finally, all posting must fall into the guidelines presented in WordPress’ Terms of Service.